In life, everything is calm and, at first glance, there is no reason to worry, but suddenly there is an inexplicable feeling of anxiety and fear. At first, it is rare and imperceptible, but over time, the manifestations become more frequent, and the reaction becomes stronger. Perhaps every case of anxiety is accompanied by a physical sensation: pain in the chest, neck, abdomen, shivers all over the body or sharply throws in a sweat. At this moment, it is impossible to suppress the sudden fear with the power of reason, but it subsides by itself, without letting you figure out what the reasons for the alarm were.
Anxiety, anxiety, or fear
Each of these similar feelings (anxiety, anxiety, fear) has a different basis, but their manifestations are similar. All of them make a person experience negative emotions, unpleasant, exhausting. They can deprive you of strength, affect a person’s social life, prevent you from concentrating, awaken a sense of defenselessness, confusion, and loneliness.
The strongest and most explicable emotion in this group is fear. This feeling occurs in response to a real danger, to a situation that has happened in the past, or when a person knows the experience of negative developments in similar circumstances. Fear helps a person avoid real danger, warns them, and forces them to gather all their strength to deal with the upcoming negative event. Fear can take hold of a person at the sight of a dog, if he has ever been hurt by it before or has seen it attack another person. It can also be unrelated to physical suffering, for example, a person is silent because he is afraid of being misunderstood by his interlocutor.
Unlike fear, the feeling of anxiety it has no valid obvious reasons. This feeling can take hold on the eve of a meeting, when the responsible specialist is well prepared, has answers to all the predicted questions, but is afraid of the unknown. After all, he does not know how the meeting will be held, what additional questions will be raised, and whether he will be able to answer them. Anxiety takes hold when an employee, as is often the case, is called by the manager without explanation. There is still no reason for fear, because a person can not know what the conversation will be about, but the alarming uncertainty makes you worry, experience physical discomfort.
In personal life, feelings of anxiety and anxiety can occur in light premonitions and suspicions that the spouse is cheating. There is no evidence of infidelity, but there is no confidence in the honesty of a loved one. At these moments, anxiety often sets in for the future of relationships, family, children, and your own.
Anxiety constantly accompanies a person throughout life. Exams at school, institute, employment, waiting for a doctor’s appointment, a teenager who was delayed from a walk – all these are causes for alarm, which have grounds and reasons. A person, looking at the current situation, assumes the consequences, based on their own or someone else’s experience.
Anxiety is the inappropriate occurrence of anxiety attacks. It is causeless and has no objective external prerequisites. Causeless anxiety can occur at certain times of the day, most often at night, or be situational in nature, for example, on the way to work. At the same time, a person cannot connect the appearance of this feeling with any thoughts, words, events, or environment.
Anxiety attacks are difficult to cope with, understand, overcome, they are difficult, almost impossible to overcome on their own, because their cause is not found on the surface. The root of anxiety is in the individual unconscious, in the past, or in worries about the future.
If you feel frequent bouts of anxiety, do not postpone contacting a specialist. Sometimes anxiety can only be a symptom of a neurosis that can be treated in the initial, untreated stages. A psychologist will help you figure out how to get rid of feelings of anxiety.
Signs of anxiety
Anxiety can be expressed not only in emotional sensations, but also on a physical level. When the next restless state occurs, a person may feel:
Problems with concentration, absent-mindedness;
Lack of air;
Muscle pain all over the body;
Pain in the solar plexus area;
Sensation of a lump in the throat.
When the attack subsides, the symptoms disappear, but fatigue, confusion, and weakness remain. If you repeat several such attacks, you should contact a psychologist who will help you decipher the symptoms, their connections with the emotional state, stress, experiences, problems or events.
Causes of anxiety
The origins of an inexplicable state of excitement are as different as the people themselves. There is a percentage of people who have never felt anything like this in their life. At the same time, 10% of the world’s population is constantly experiencing gratuitous anxiety. Many people are periodically exposed to powerful waves of anxiety, the causes of which they do not know, can not understand.
Each person is full of needs that do not always correspond to their capabilities. Sometimes opportunities are objectively not enough to achieve the intended goal and meet the need. Psychological balance is a balance between the needs and capabilities of a person. Often, the key to understanding anxiety lies precisely in the imbalance of these two components, but it is impossible to find the stumbling block that does not allow you to realize opportunities and achieve your goals independently without an objective assessment.
To understand the true causes of constant feelings of anxiety, it is worth analyzing past events, expected upcoming ones, current relationships and states – everything that is important and expensive, and that may be in danger. However, the problem with introspection is that a person cannot take an objective position, so he does not see the real sources of experience, goes around in circles and increasingly aggravates his condition with a new fear – the inability to cope with anxiety.
How can a psychologist help?
Anxiety is not a disease if it is not linked to neuroses, so diagnosis and long-term medication treatment are not required. A psychologist can be of great help in this situation. This specialist, like no one else, knows how to get rid of feelings of anxiety. The psychologist will be able to plan an individual work program, choose a program and a suitable method.
The psychologist’s actions are gentle, but the steps are gradual. It does not change the psychological state and does not heal in the traditional sense of the word. The psychologist helps you step by step to get to the level of the unconscious, which is the source of inexplicable fear.
For example, one man experienced periodic feelings of anxiety at night. He wasn’t afraid of the dark, robbers, or any other sudden threats to his life. His work was stable, and his family life was peaceful. The attacks were accompanied by a sharp pain in the solar plexus, after a few minutes the pain passed, and the anxiety receded. Inadequate conditions were repeated several times a week, because of which the man did not get enough sleep, real problems with physical health began, lagging behind schedule at work.
After lengthy clinical examinations of the body and useless courses of treatment, the man found the strength to make an appointment with a psychologist. In the process of communicating with the specialist, a personal tragedy that occurred several years ago, related to the death of his first wife, surfaced. Every time he fell asleep, he would go back to that situation and relive it, fearing for the life of his current wife and his own. Psychological counseling helped him cope with the past and turn to the present. The sudden bouts of anxiety never returned.
Recognizing a problem and asking for help is both difficult and simple. The solution will not be quick or easy, but the first step will always be the most difficult. If anxiety has become a problem and affects the usual course of life, do not postpone a visit to a specialist.