Together with a nutritionist-endocrinologist and Candidate of Medical Sciences Natalia Fadeeva, we understand what health disorders can be caused by excess weight and what lifestyle will help you feel good.
Among the diseases leading to weight gain, endocrine diseases are in the lead, characterized by a violation of the functions of insulin and thyroid hormones. Any diseases and syndromes associated with increased insulin production or insensitivity of cells to it (insulin resistance)will cause stimulation of fat mass formation and weight gain, even if you eat very little.
Conditions and diseases caused by a deterioration of the thyroid gland can also lead to an increase in body weight due to slowing down metabolic processes and fluid retention in the body. In addition, weight can be affected by an increase in the body’s level of the stress hormone cortisol, which is characterized by obesity in the abdomen and face (matronism).
Any mental abnormalities, as well as brain tumor diseases, can cause increased appetite and inability to control it, and if the tumor affects the hypothalamic-pituitary region, the situation is aggravated by hormonal disorders.
Also among the causes of weight gain — a number of gynecological diseases associated with hyperproduction of female sex hormones.
Finally, various deficiencies in the body can lead to an increase in body weight. For example, with iron deficiency anemia, the body will try to increase the amount of food consumed in order to somehow get the missing element out of it: take not the quality, but the quantity.
What should alert you
Usually, in addition to obesity, a person is also concerned about other signs of trouble in the body. Each disease has a whole range of different symptoms. It is also important to remember that obesity can be both a consequence and — in some cases-a cause of a number of diseases. For example, type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop in a person with abdominal (in the abdominal area) obesity, as well as diseases of the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems.
It should be understood that 90% of the obesity that occurs is still a consequence of a wrong lifestyle, and not serious diseases. But since all obesity requires treatment, you need to see a doctor in any case, whether you have any additional symptoms or not, and the doctor will figure out what is the cause of this condition and what is the consequence.
Which doctor to go to and what to do
You can go to your therapist or endocrinologist. Usually, the doctor decides for himself what tests are needed in each specific case, but, as a rule,this will be a clinical and biochemical blood test, a urine test, possibly a hormone test, an ECG and ultrasound.
Here are seven basic rules for a healthy lifestyle and optimal weight.
1. Compliance with the work and rest regime.
It is very important to get enough sleep, as the antidepressant hormone melatonin is produced at night. Lack of sleep can be one of the reasons for weight gain.
2. Rational nutrition.
The optimal mode is 3-5 times a day. The diet should be varied and balanced in terms of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and dietary plant fibers (fiber). It is important to limit fatty and sweet foods.
3. Active every day.
It’s important to find at least 40 minutes of healthy activity every day. This can be a regular walk, gardening, cycling, or exercising.
4. Stress relief.
To reduce the destructive effects of stress, you can use various anti-stress techniques: psychological relaxation in trance states, meditation, baths, saunas, massages for pleasure, some pleasant water treatments for the body, regular hugs of a partner, stroking and communicating with a pet.
5. Have a good social life.
Our health and overall psychological balance are also affected by the presence of friends, interesting pastimes, and positive emotions from communication. Instead of a day in front of the TV with pizza and Coke, you can go to the museum, to the festival, to the park or to visit.
6. Positive thinking.
For good health and a stable weight, it is important to learn to see the positive side in any event of life and not dwell on the negative.
7. Regular preventive examinations.
The so-called “check-ups” must be completed regularly. At any age, once a year you need to take a clinical and biochemical blood test, a general urinalysis, an ECG. For women, it is mandatory to visit a gynecologist, for men-a urologist and specific tests depending on age or which the therapist deems necessary to prescribe.
Two main rules
As a result of multiple studies, to date, only two factors have been identified that can really increase life expectancy, all other things being equal (they also help to stay in shape).
The first is a high-calorie diet with a tendency to periodic hypocaloric content, that is, food that only covers energy needs, without overeating even on special days. And the second is the same regular physical activity (yes, at least 40 minutes a day). But, as already mentioned, this does not necessarily have to be fitness or sports at the limit of possibilities: the usual daily activity, including housework and walking, is suitable.