Personality disorder is a persistent violation of mental activity, in which there are violations of the behavioral tendency established in the cultural and social environment. The disease affects almost all areas of human life, requires early diagnosis and proper treatment.
Psychological personality disorders are included in the classification of diseases (ICD-10), where they are under the DSM-5 code. The diagnosis of personality disorder is not made by doctors before the age of 18 or in the presence of isolated social deviations without the presence of personal dysfunction. People who have a history of such mental disorders experience difficulties in communication, it is difficult for them to contact others. According to medical observations, the first signs of a personality disorder appear at puberty, but the exacerbation occurs under the influence of certain factors, it can be severe stress, alcohol or drug use. Doctors-psychotherapists of the clinic “Vector of Life” often face such disorders, provide assistance that helps a person adapt to society.
Mental personality disorders develop for various reasons, including:
ignoring the child in the family;
parenting in a family where alcohol is abused;
alcohol or drug addiction;
People who have personality disorders are rigid. They do not know how to adequately respond to the situation, solve problems or build relationships, they need the help of specialists in the field of psychiatry.
Classification of types
In psychiatry, there are 10 types of personality disorders, which are divided into three groups: :
Group A (eccentric): Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal.
Group B (unstable): Antisocial, Borderline, Hysterical, Narcissistic.
Group C (anxious): Avoidant, Dependent, Anankast.
To determine the types of mental disorders, the patient needs medical supervision, diagnosis. As practice shows, relatives turn to doctors only during a crisis, when a person harms himself or becomes dangerous to others.
Mental personality disorders are accompanied by an antisocial or inappropriate attitude to everything around them, which causes difficulties in relationships and communication with other people. Patients themselves do not see the problem, for them this behavior is considered normal, so they never seek medical help themselves. You can recognize the symptoms of personality disorders by the following symptoms:
a patient who is constantly dissatisfied with his life;
suffers from constant increased anxiety;
constantly in a bad mood;
there are periods of loss of reality;
avoiding social contacts
inability to deal with negative emotions;
increased and unjustified aggressiveness.
People suffering from this mental disorder are not able to control their impulsivity, often become addicted to gambling, alcohol or drugs, which only aggravates the situation. There are oddities about yourself and others, such as self-mutilation or suicide attempts.
What your doctor can suggest
The main goal in the treatment of personality disorders is to enable a person to function better in society, adapt to the environment. Treatment must be carried out in a clinic where the patient will be under constant medical supervision. Therapy is aimed at reducing acute symptoms, such as psychosis, depression. Includes taking medications with symptomatic and systemic effects. Psychotherapy is considered an important stage of treatment. Work with a psychologist takes place individually or in small groups.
It is impossible to cure personality disorders with the help of pharmacy medications, because there is no medicine that would affect the change in character. With the help of medications, you can only eliminate individual symptoms. This will require long-term psychotherapy.