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NERVOUS STRESS: CAUSES, SIGNS AND METHODS OF CONTROL

Content:

 

Classification of stress: characteristics of the main types and stages of development

Positive and negative effects of stress on the modern human body

The impact of constant stress on the nervous system and its consequences for the body

The main signs of stress and the human body’s response to frequent symptoms

Causes of different types of stress

Factors of stress occurrence that affect its development

How to quickly relieve nervous stress at home: effective methods of combating it

Ways to treat nervous stress and prevention techniques

How to restore the nervous system after prolonged stress and prevention methods

Causes, main symptoms, and signs of stress in children

The impact of stress on the child and its consequences

What to do if a child is stressed: how to help cope with a nervous disorder

Non-drug treatment and prevention of stress in children

We live in a very unstable world: everything around us is constantly moving, our body often does not have time to adapt to changes in the environment, our nervous system feels uncomfortable from the constant need to stop. In addition, due to the incredible speed of life, we do not have time to eat and rest normally. All this leads our body to stress.

 

Classification of stress:

characteristics of the main types and stages of development

 

Nervous (psychological and emotional) stress is a set of non-specific normal reactions of the body to physiological and psychological stress that have arisen as a result of the impact of stressors (stress-causing factors) that have disrupted the existing balance.

 

It can be caused by exposure to the external environment or internal experiences. It can also be due to general body fatigue and brain congestion.

 

Classification of types of nervous stress is carried out depending on the nature of the impact of the destabilizing factor, as well as on whether it affects a person positively, stimulating his body to actively produce hormones, accelerate metabolism, or simply kills nerve cells.

 

There are positive forms of stress (eustress) and negative (distress). According to the nature of the impact, stresses are divided into neuropsychic, cold, heat, light and others.

 

It is also necessary to describe the two main types of stress – psychological and emotional.

 

Psychological damage is caused by social factors – these are worries about work, changing activities or places of residence, problems with communication.

 

Emotional – stimulating and calming abilities of the nervous system are disrupted due to internal processes occurring in the body.

 

Lack of sleep, poor nutrition and a broken daily routine affect not only the psyche, but also the functioning of nerve cells. It is manifested in irritability, headaches and eating disorders (a person stops eating or, on the contrary, eats too much). This type of disease is treated only with the help of medications and the establishment of a clear sleep and nutrition regime.

 

Among the main types of nervous stress, there are short-term (acute) and long-term (chronic) types. These types manifest for both positive and negative form, as well as psychological and emotional. For example, there may be chronic psychological distress.

 

Stress is also characterized by the stages of its development, which were described back in 1936 by Hans Selye.

Anxiety

Resistance.

Exhaustion.

At first, a person is simply nervous, not noticing that his body is experiencing a heavy psychological and emotional load, then the symptoms become more pronounced, and the body begins to struggle. During this period, outbursts of anger and sudden mood swings are possible. At the last stage, a person is apathetic, gets tired quickly. Possible depressive states, constantly want to sleep.

 

Positive and negative effects of stress on the modern human body

 

The mechanisms of stress and its effects on the human body are studied in detail and are quite complex: they are associated with our hormonal, nervous, and vascular systems. What gives one person pleasure, makes the other suffer. In addition, everyone’s response to stress is different. One blushes, the second turns pale, the third eats without stopping, the fourth loses weight.

 

Everyone needs stress in small amounts. The positive effect of a little stress is that it makes you think, look for a way out of the situation, and motivates you to solve a problem. In addition, the positive effect of overexcitation on the body is the acceleration of the work of all organs and systems (for example, the acceleration of metabolism, blood circulation and the release of hormones that help regulate nervous tension).

 

But the life of a modern person is saturated with stress, which accumulates in the body and manifests itself in a number of adverse consequences. The negative effects of severe stress can be very different for certain people, but we can name only a few results that are most often manifested in the majority of patients who have suffered a nervous shock.

 

For example, a psychological or emotional shock experienced by the body can lead to a weakening of the immune system, as well as the digestive tract, heart, blood vessels and endocrine system. This can lead to diseases such as angina, hypertension, heart attack, gastritis, ulcers, colitis, cholelithiasis, insomnia, diabetes.

 

The impact of constant stress on the nervous system and its consequences for the body

 

The effects of severe stress on the nervous system can cause neurosis, depression, and apathy. During a shock, a person loses a lot of nerve cells, the brain works in an enhanced mode, and the endocrine glands produce excessive amounts of hormones that regulate psychological stress (glucocorticoids).

 

Accordingly, when the body has managed to relieve tension and overcome the disease, it goes into economy mode. Due to the subsequent economical production of endorphin and oxytocin, the consequence of the stress experienced for the body is isolation, apathy, irritability.

 

In such cases, doctors recommend eating as many foods that stimulate the production of “joy hormones” (hard cheese, liver, bitter chocolate), as well as spending as much time as possible with loved ones and in the fresh air.

 

The impact of stress on a person’s health can also affect the musculoskeletal system. For example, due to the fact that during stress, the body causes an excessive amount of glucocorticoids, which do not have time to be absorbed. After relieving tension, they seem to “wander” through the body, bringing it only harm-they contribute to the breakdown of nucleic acids, thereby weakening the muscles and causing the risk of dystrophy.

 

Also, the consequence of constant (chronic) stress can be osteoporosis. Those “unclaimed” glucocorticoids interfere with the absorption of calcium. This leads to thinning of the bone tissue. This disease is especially common among women.

 

It can have stressful effects on the skin, such as preventing the renewal of fibroblasts (connective tissue cells). This leads to the fact that the skin becomes sensitive to irritants, small wounds heal worse on it, and acne and inflammation appear more often.

 

The main signs of stress and the human body’s response to frequent symptoms

 

Main signs and common symptoms of stress: the appearance of pain in the head and neck, heart, stomach; increased blood pressure; feeling of a “lump in the throat”, shortness of breath, “interception” of the voice; sleep disturbance, depression, physical weakness, headache, fatigue, unwillingness to do anything, reduced concentration, memory problems and reduced speed of the thought process that impede school or work.

 

Also, a symptom and reaction of the body to stress can be a lack of interest in others, even to best friends, to relatives and friends; nervous tics and obsessive habits often appear: biting lips, biting nails, etc.; constant feelings of guilt, nervousness, anxiety; inadequate reaction to minor troubles; loss of appetite – from its absence to increased hunger; sexual disorders.

 

A sick person’s body’s response to stress may be delayed. It is a repeated reaction of the body to a strong nervous shock (the death of a loved one, a catastrophe experienced).

 

It appears a few weeks or months after the shock (from 2 weeks to six months). At the same time, a person may dream about what he experienced, fall into a daze, he may be tormented by constant memories and even the substitution of reality. Such a patient most often avoids actions that can cause memories of an unpleasant event.

 

In this case, medical treatment and consultations with a psychotherapist are necessary.

 

Causes of different types of stress

 

The causes of stress are divided into two types::

 

Mental and emotional problems.

Physical ones.

The first cause of nervous tension is common to all mammals. Change of habitat, occupation, weather – any changes in the environment affect the human psyche. If the brain does not have time to cope with a large amount of information coming from outside, the body experiences emotional and psychological stress, which affects not only the nervous system, but also all organs.

 

Physical causes that most often cause stress can be an infection that has entered the body, a change in diet and sleep patterns. In this case, the glands that secrete hormones into the blood – the adrenal glands, pituitary gland and thyroid gland-begin to work worse, and this leads to a lack of hormones that regulate the body’s rest processes, an overabundance of adrenaline and poor absorption of iodine.

 

The causes of nervous stress can also be “mixed”: when bad weather is combined with a cold and problems at work. In this case, to effectively combat tension, it is necessary to “fight on all fronts” and eliminate all stimuli that depend on you. So, for example, you can’t do anything about the weather conditions, but you can solve problems at work and overcome the infection.

 

Factors of stress occurrence that affect its development

 

Factors that affect the development of stress in a person can be divided into two main groups: work and personal.

 

Operating factors:

 

Poor relationships with colleagues.

Insufficient load.

Excessive load.

Lack of career development.

Severe physical working conditions.

Perform multiple tasks simultaneously.

The interaction of several of these factors, constant fatigue and dissatisfaction with their work, the level of wages and humiliation from superiors and colleagues lead not only to stress at work, but also cause the risk of nervous breakdowns, depression and neuroses.

 

Personal factors for the occurrence of severe stress are as follows:

 

Poor health condition.

Quarrels and problems in the family.

Low or high self-esteem.

Changing the environment.

Poor nutrition.

Change the sleep mode.

Most often, nervous tension occurs when factors of both groups interact.

 

How to quickly relieve nervous stress at home: effective methods of combating it

 

It is important to be able to recognize the onset of stress, find out its causes and signs (work or home stress, apathy, headaches and neuroses). Depending on what causes the nervous tension, it is necessary to remove the irritant (if possible), deal with external symptoms and bring the nervous system in order.

 

Do not allow the disease to develop to an uncontrolled level. A person may not realize that they are under stress, they may get used to it and not notice it at all. But even in this form, it weakens the body and deprives a person of many opportunities.

 

In order to understand how to quickly relieve nervous stress at home, you need to answer three basic questions for yourself:

 

What is the cause of stress?

How can I fix the cause?

How can you relax and calm down?

Remember that the first step to solving a problem is to accept it. If you accept the fact that your psyche is in serious danger, that this is not just overwork, but a strong shock to your body, it will be easier for you to solve this problem.

 

First, find the stress-generating factor. Keep in mind that there may be several of them. And the problem should be looked for both at work and in the family. Next, try to eliminate or accept it.

 

An effective method of dealing with severe stress at the second stage is to “exhale anxiety”: slowly and deeply inhale through your nose, then exhale all your worries through your mouth into an imaginary balloon. After each exhalation, you need to imagine how the ball increases in size. When the balloon inflates, you need to release it. He will fly away and take all the worries with him.

 

You may need psychological auto-trainings under the guidance of a doctor. The specialist will help you figure out what to do with the problem: solve it or accept it, and will also monitor the entire recovery process.

 

The third stage is relaxation and calming down. It can be described as the main treatment and development of stress resistance of the body.

 

Ways to treat nervous stress and prevention techniques

 

Treatment and subsequent prevention of stress can be carried out by two main methods:: medicinal and non-medicinal products.

 

Non-drug treatment. It is established that most physical illnesses are the consequences of chronic stress, so you need to learn how to manage stress: isolate yourself from the stressor or change your attitude to it; try to get more positive emotions. Also important is communication with nature, short walks, listening to music.

 

Non-drug methods of dealing with any stress include dietary nutrition.

 

It involves avoiding heavy food (so that the body can digest it more easily and does not waste extra energy on digestion). So, for example, you should exclude fried meat, legumes, lard, fatty confectionery products and milk chocolate from the diet. It is necessary to minimize the consumption of potatoes, bread, red meat.

 

When asked how to relieve nervous stress with proper nutrition at home, psychotherapists recommend eating mostly raw food: fruits and vegetables. Also allowed are cereals (buckwheat and pearl barley, rich in vitamins and trace elements), dairy and fermented milk products, dark chocolate and boiled chicken meat. Before you know it, you’ll start to feel better.

 

Medical treatment of the nervous stress disease involves taking an Anti-stress complex inside, consisting of four products-Hyper (an antidepressant),Mystic (relieves insomnia), Revien (eliminates anxiety) and”Passilat”(eliminates stress).

 

Most of these drugs are sold only by prescription, so you need to consult a doctor.

 

In addition, treating nervous stress only with antidepressants relieves symptoms, but does not solve the problem completely. Medications such as Imipramine or Befolcan cause drowsiness and irritability. But it is precisely these problems that a person tries to deal with under stress.

 

That is why it is necessary that your doctor select a group of medications in addition to antidepressants.

 

The struggle with nervous tension does not end after you feel better and calmer.

 

How to restore the nervous system after prolonged stress and prevention methods

 

Answering the question of how to restore the nervous system after prolonged (chronic) stress, experts agree that the patient needs a change of environment. Move away from the irritant, relax at the sea or in the mountains, quit a job that is burdensome, try to live separately from your spouse in order to sort out your feelings (if the stress is caused by family quarrels).

 

=Medical treatment should not be continued without the appropriate doctor’s instructions. If a specialist sees that you should drink the course again, he will prescribe weaker analogues of drugs so that your body does not get used to sleeping pills and antidepressants.

 

No one thinks about the fact that you need to protect your nervous system, as long as you do not face serious problems. Stress prevention often helps to avoid unpleasant overexcitation of the psyche, and also-if there is a shock after all – to cope with them faster.

 

Psychologists distinguish such methods of prevention of nervous stress:

 

It’s easier to relate to problems.

Learn positive thinking

Switch from thinking about problems.

Learn to vent negative emotions.

Learn to relax.

A lot of walking.

Practice yoga.

Take a bath with sea salt.

Keep a diary.

Learn to be honest with your loved ones.

If everything is clear about walking, bathing and yoga, then the rest of the points require more detailed consideration.

 

Being more open-minded about problems and being able to switch means learning to divide your problems into big and small ones, as well as those that need to be solved now and those that can wait. Also, psychologists advise “not to carry” work problems home and vice versa.

 

Another good technique for preventing nervous strain and stress is positive thinking. It is much harder for pessimists to cope with even the most insignificant problems than for those who, when taking up a solution, expect a positive result.

 

You can vent negative emotions through sports. Boxing or fencing, for example, will do. Some psychologists advise you to move away from people and shout. Forest, field – you will only scare away the birds.

 

Learning to relax is actually not as easy as many people think. It is important to be able to relax without TV/Internet and alcohol. Lie down, close your eyes, and let your thoughts sink in, relaxing every muscle. Half an hour of this relaxation a day will help you avoid nervous breakdowns.

 

Also, an effective way to prevent severe stress is to talk about the events of the day and accumulated problems. You can talk to your loved ones or keep a diary. But there are several rules for such conversations.

 

When you talk to your loved ones:

 

Be completely honest.

If you don’t like the topic, switch to it.

Be able to listen.

Take criticism appropriately.

Don’t think that the other person is more stupid than you.

Make sure to talk for at least half an hour a day.

When a person discusses something with a friend or family, they have the opportunity not only to solve the problem at the stage of its development, but also to receive warmth and support. It is also important to embrace those who are dear to you in order to feel needed and protected.

 

When you keep a diary, do not write dryly-let it be your “stream of consciousness”. In addition, do not try to solve the problem on the pages of a notebook – you just need to understand it and think about ways to solve it.

 

Do not hold back your emotions – if you are offended, first express all your feelings, and then try to understand why the person did this, and thank him on the pages of the diary for the experience that he gave you.

 

Causes, main symptoms, and signs of stress in children

 

In children, signs of nervous stress are more difficult to recognize than in adults. Until the age of 10, the child himself often does not realize that he is in a state of nervous shock. Between the ages of 12 and 15, children already understand their emotional state, but rarely share their own problems with their parents. Puberty is characterized by irritability, laziness, lack of interest in family matters and new (often incomprehensible to adults) hobbies. Therefore, mothers often take the features of transition age for a stressful state.

 

The main symptoms of stress in a small child (up to 8-10 years) these are:

 

Demanding and resentful.

Heightened fears.

Manifestation of speech defects.

Fatigue.

Isolation, unwillingness to walk.

Memory loss.

Decreased appetite.

Of course, if you notice one or more signs in your baby, then you should not immediately panic and run to a therapist. If there is no obvious reason that could cause excitement (moving, changing the team, a quarrel in the family, a shock experienced, or a long illness), then most likely the child just wants to attract your attention or change something in his daily routine.

 

Stress in children 12-15 manifests itself in the same way as in adults-apathy, irritability, unwillingness to talk about problems. But in adolescents, these signs are much more pronounced.

 

If the child is just sullen and unfriendly, most likely, these are the hardships of transition age, but if he constantly cries, snaps and closes himself in the room – you should seek help from a psychologist or try to get in touch with your child yourself and help him solve the problem.

 

The main causes of nervous stress in children in adolescence are:

 

Change of team.

Failures in relationships with the opposite sex.

Low school performance.

Quarrels with parents.

Parental restrictions.

Failure to find hobbies and creative fulfillment.

Previous medical condition.

Dissatisfaction with the changes that occur with their body.

Of course, at this age, a child may feel displeasure even from the slightest changes in life, but this can not be called stress.

 

The impact of stress on the child and its consequences

 

The impact of the stress experienced on the child is the same as on the adult. The nervous, endocrine, and cardiovascular systems may suffer. It is especially important to pay attention to the fact that glucocorticoids, which are released during exertion, negatively affect the absorption of calcium in the bones and can lead to muscle dystrophy.

 

For children and adolescents, this problem is especially dangerous, since their musculoskeletal system is weaker than that of an adult.

 

In this case, it is necessary to strengthen the child’s bones with the help of vitamin complexes (for example, “Calcimin” or”Omega 3″), and develop muscles with a large amount of protein in the diet.

 

The consequence of stress experienced in children is also often intercostal neuralgia – inflammation of the nerve between the ribs. It is characterized by severe, sometimes “wandering” pain in the chest or back. From neuralgia will help to cope with massages (the course can only be prescribed by a neurologist), as well as painkillers (“No-Shpa”,”Ibuprofen”).

 

What to do if a child is stressed: how to help cope with a nervous disorder

 

Almost all parents have wondered what to do when a child is stressed during adolescence. First, it is worth noting that puberty is already a strong shake – up for the body. You can say that the child is in constant tension for 2-3 years. But there are also situations when emotional shocks caused by external factors are added to the problems of puberty. In the case of such a nervous disorder, a teenager needs help.

 

The question of how to help a child of any age cope with stress is relevant both among doctors and parents. It is not recommended to treat children with strong antidepressants, sedatives, or sleeping pills. The doctor prescribes such drugs (“Befol”,”Dormiplant”) only when the child has experienced a disaster or lost a loved one.

 

In other cases, they try to do without using relaxation techniques, talking about the problem and soothing teas and herbal sedatives (“Barboval”, “Valerian”, “Motherwort”).

 

Non-drug treatment and prevention of stress in children

 

Non-drug treatment of nervous stress in children is as follows::

 

Walking in the fresh air.

Search for a hobby.

Conversations with parents.

Trips to the country.

Attending events that are interesting for your child.

It is also important to constantly praise your child, help him deal with difficult homework, and not push him when he can’t solve a problem or remember a paragraph. It will be useful to instill in a teenager a love of keeping a diary. There they will be able to express their thoughts and understand what is happening around them.

 

As soothing teas, decoctions of chamomile, lemon balm, mother and stepmother, as well as mint and raspberry teas are suitable.

 

Regular use of herbal sedatives can be a good way to prevent nervous stress in children. So, for example”Valerian” has a cumulative effect in the body – this means that the medicine will work with regular intake of 1 tablet 2 times a day. The remedy does not cause drowsiness and addiction, but in a month’s course irritability will disappear, the child will sleep better and will be more concentrated.

 

But best of all, a nervous shock helps prevent good relationships in the family and doing what you love.

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